Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) part 3

Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h)

Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) Arrives at Medina

When the news of the Messenger’s exodus from Mecca to Medina reached the Muslims in Medina, they began to go every morning to the lava fields and wait there until the heat of noon drove them back. Many days they waited until the days that prophet came.

The Muslims immediately rushed to meet the Messenger of Allah Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) on the crest of the lava fields. He then kept going until they had reached Qubaa where he stopped with the clan of Amr ibn Awf. The Muslims hailed ‘Allahu Akbar’ (God is Greatest) with joy at his arrival. The Prophet stopped at Qubaa for three days awaiting the arrival of Imam Ali (As).  He did not want to enter the Medina without Imam Ali (As).

The Prophet remained with Imam Ali (As) with the clan of Amr ibn Awf for a day or two. During his stay in Qubaa he established the mosque of Qubaa, and thus it was the first ever established in Muslim era.

And on the Friday, the Prophet entered the Qubaa mosque and led the Muslims in the Friday prayers and gave a sermon. And this was the first Friday sermon ever given. The Prophet prayed in the direction of Jerusalem and about one hundred men prayed behind him. After performing the prayers, the Prophet mounted his camel, along with Imam Ali (As) who never left his side, and the rest of Muslims and headed towards Medina.

It is said that when the Messenger of Allah entered Medina, it was the most joyous occasion ever witnessed by the people.  One eyewitness said:

‘I saw the day when he entered Medina and I have never seen a brighter or better day than that day. And I saw the day he became martyr and I have never seen a worse or darker day than the day on which he became martyr.’

First Muslim Community

With a significant number of those who embraced Islam migrating from Mecca to Medina, as well as the majority of the native Medinans, it could be said that the first Muslim community began to take shape in the city of Medina, under the guidance of the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h). Through his teachings, the Messenger of Allah brought about harmony and peace between the different rivalries and warring groups and tribes of the city and its surroundings.  Whereas prior to his arrival, greed, enmity and wars prevailed between the inhabitants, in a short space of time the Prophet managed to sow the seeds of a peaceful cohesive order to the extent that they shared everything they had amongst themselves and with the Muslim migrants from Mecca despite their poverty.  With the city of Medina being some 400 km north of Mecca, some of the Muslims considered it to be a reasonably safe distance from the Quraysh who were mostly in Mecca.

However, the Quraysh and their allies did not relent, and they forced the Muslims of Medina into a number of battles and skirmishes.  These were usually unequal, especially at the early days, with the Quraysh and their allies being superior in number and armor.  For example at the battle of Badr, which was one of the early clashes between the two sides, the Muslims combatants were 313 men, who had seventy camels and two horses, while their opponents were about one thousand, had seven hundred camels and one hundred horses.

Peace between the two sides was eventually brought about through the peace treaty of ‘Hodaybiyah‘ – signed in the eleventh month of the sixth year after Hijrah – which was highly biased in favor of the Quraysh and their allies, to the extent that some of the companions of the Prophet protested to him for agreeing and signing a treaty that was ‘unfair and unacceptable‘.  However, subsequent events after the Hodaybiyah were pointedly in the interest of the Muslims, which in turn exonerated the Prophet’s judgement and decision, and proved his wisdom and farsightedness.

Mecca Liberated

Less than two years after the treaty of Hodaybiyah, Quraysh grew impatient with the environment of peace and security that reigned in the land. Muslim losses in the battle of Mu’tah in north Arabia – in today’s Jordan – encouraged the Quraysh to stir up unrest in the land and break the treaty that they had signed with the Messenger of Allah at Hodaybiyah. They began to distribute weapons to their allies and urged them to attack the allies of the Muslims at night, in breach of the peace treaty they had with the Muslims.

Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h)

Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h)

Then the Messenger of Allah proceeded until he arrived at ‘Marr al-Dhahran’, the heights of Mecca, in the evening. He ordered his companions to light more than ten thousand fires. News of his progress had been kept hidden from the Quraysh who were concerned and feared that he might attack them.

It is reported that Abu Sufyan, the Prophet’s archenemy, was saying:

‘I have never seen such fires as last night nor such a camp.’  He said: ‘What is the news and what are all these fires?’

The narrator responded to him:

‘The news is that the Messenger of Allah has arrived here.  He has come with a force you cannot resist; with ten thousand of the Muslims.’

Abu Sufyan said:

‘What is to be done?’

I said:

‘By Allah, if he defeats you he will surely strike your head off so ride this donkey with me so that I can take you to the Messenger of Allah and I will ask him for an amnesty for you.’  So he rode behind me.

It is related that Ali ibn Abu Talib (As) said to Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith: ‘Go to the Messenger of Allah and say to him what Joseph’s brothers said to Joseph:  By Allah, Allah has preferred you over us and we have certainly been sinful [5] Then the Messenger of Allah said in answer to him and seeking to best him in speech:  He said: Let there be no reproach upon you this day. Allah will forgive you and he is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy [6]

Then the Messenger of Allah turned to Abu Sufyan and said to him:

‘O Abu Sufyan, proceed to Mecca and let them know of the sanctuary.’

When the Messenger of Allah entered Mecca, a tent was pitched for him by the grave of his uncle Abu Talib. He refused to enter his house or the houses of his companions in Mecca that had been confiscated by the Polytheists.

Then the Messenger of Allah Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h), after having rested a little in his tent, bathed and mounted his camel and set out for the sacred mosque. The Muslims were before him and behind him and all around him and they were repeating along with the Messenger of Allah the words of Allah Almighty:  The truth has come and falsehood has perished, indeed falsehood is (by nature) perishing [7]

Mecca resounded with the sound of their voices until he entered the sacred mosque and approached the black stone at the corner of the Ka‘bah, and kissed it. Then he circled the House upon his camel and with a bow in his hand. Around the House there were some three-hundred and sixty idols and he began to stab at them with his bow saying:  The truth has come and falsehood has perished, indeed falsehood is perishing and the truth has come and falsehood will not revive again and will not return [8] while the idols fell upon their faces.  Then he raised Imam Ali (As) upon his shoulders so that he could bring down the rest of the idols which were upon the Ka‘bah.

Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) Shrin

And thus a whole era of idol worshipping in Arabia was brought to an irreversible end, and Mecca was liberated.  The conquest of the Capital City of the idolaters and the liberation of the holy city of Mecca at the hands of Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) took place without bloodshed.

But the Prophet never again took his birth city, Mecca, as his abode. The Prophet only stayed in the city for fifteen days to manage its affairs. When he left the city of Mecca for Medina, he appointed someone as the city’s governor.

In 630CE, seventy days before his death, and just after performing the farewell Hajj pilgrimage, on instructions from the Almighty, at the location of Ghadir Khum, the Prophet appointed Imam Ali (As) as his successor and ordered the Muslims who were present there to pay Imam Ali (As)  homage of allegiance as The Commander of the Faithful, and their leader after the Prophet. (We’re completely explain this event on Ghadir article)

In order to reveal the station of his successors present and future, the Prophet frequently used to refer the Muslims to the Ahl al-Bayt – at the time notably Imam Ali (As) – for they were the most knowledgeable about the teachings of the Qur’an and the Prophet himself.  To clarify any possible doubt about his immediate successor, in the famous tradition of “City of Knowledge”, the final Messenger of Allah states:

“I am the City of Knowledge and Ali (as) is its Gate, so whosoever wishes to access this City, then let him do so through its Gate.” [9]

The final Messenger of Allah to humanity became martyr on the 28th day of the lunar month of Safar in the 11th year of the Hijrah, circa 630CE.

The Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) brought about a nation and a civilization that in a relatively very short space of time won the prime position amongst all other nations

[5] The Holy Qur’an: Joseph (12): 91.

[6] The Holy Qur’an: Joseph (12): 92.

[7] The Holy Qur’an: The Tribe of Israel (17): 81.

[8] The Holy Qur’an: Sheba (34): 49.

[9] al-Mustadrak cala al-S{ah}i>h}ayn, by al-H{a>kim al-Naysa>bouri, vol. 3, pp 137-138, pub. Dar al-Kutub al-cElmiyyah, Beirut;

   Majmac al-Zawa>‘id, by Nur-ed-Din Ali ibn Abu Bakr al-Haythami, vol. 9, p114, pub. Dar al-Bayan lil-Turath, Cairo;

   Ta>ri>kh Baghda>d, by Abu Bakr Ahmad al-Khat}i>b al-Baghda>di>, vol. 2, p377, pub. Dar al-Kotob al-Elmiyyah, Beirut, and also vol.4, p348, and vol.7, p172, and vol.11, p49-50

Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) part 1
Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) part 2
Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) part 3
Savior in Judaism
savior in zoroastrianism
terrorism and Imam mahdi's awaiters
Imam Mahdi’s (As) Life Time
Existence of Imam Mahdi (As)
Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h)
Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h)
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