Lady Fatima (sa) was born five years before Bethat . She has many other titles. Zahra (Lady of Light) and Sayyidatul Nisa el Alamin (Leader of the women of the worlds)(sa). The Date of her birth was 20th Jamad al Akhar.
After the death of her mother Khadija, she looked after her father so devoutly that Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) used to call her “Umme Abiha”, ( the mother of her father). This was the hardest time for the family because in the same year Abu Talib who was the protector of Muhammad (p.b.u.h) from the animosity of the Quraish also died in the same year as Khadija.
Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) married Umme Salama, an old widow after the death of Khadija to have someone to look after the household chores.
It was then that she saw her revered father preaching Islam in the most hostile atmosphere. The hostility of the Quraish after the death of Abu Talib and Khadija was the strongest. Fatima (sa) saw and dressed the wounds sustained by her father Muhammad (p.b.u.h ) due to the stones thrown on him by the non- believers who were ho to the preaching of Islam.
She might have heard and seen that certain wretched women hurled rubbish on her noble father. She might have learnt of the plans made to put an end to her father’s life. But from all these things Fatima (sa) was neither frightened nor disheartened. She comforted her father Muhammad (p.b.u.h ), tended to his wounds even at that tender age.
The entire family was blanketed with clouds of sorrowful gas a result of the almost daily humiliation and mockery to which her most revered father was subjected.
When the migration took place, Fatima (sa) was left in Makka with the rest of the Family (sa) which included her step mother Umme Salama, ‘Ali’s (as)mother Fatima binte Asad and many others. ‘Ali (as) was in charge of the family.
He stayed in Makka for another 3 days to give back the deposits to the Makkans who entrusted these to the Prophet for safe keeping. After fulfilling this duty ‘Ali (as) brought the family to Madina.
After one year’s stay in Madina when Fatima (sa) was about 18 years old that proposals for marriage began to be received by the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) who politely refused to accept by simply saying that it is in the hands of Allah, that he was awaiting Allah’s decree in this matter.
Fatima (sa) was the model of Prophet’s teaching among women just as ‘Ali (as) was the best embodiment of his instructions and manly qualities among men. They were the most suitable couple to be married. But Ali (as) was too modest to speak about it.
After some persuasion from friends he finally went to see the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) in the mosque and proposed for marriage. Prophet told Fatima about it and asked her whether she would approve. After receiving her consent the marriage of Fatima (sa) and ‘Ali (as) took place in the simplest possible manner.
‘Ali (as) sold his shield of armor for 200 Dirhams, brought the money to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) who added a similar amount and asked his companions to buy household goods to set up home for the Holy Family. Marriage was solemnized by the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) himself and after marriage the couple went to live in a separate house next to the House of the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) around the Mosque.
Imam Hassan (as) was born in the 3rd year of Hijra, Imam Hussain (as) was born in the 4th year of Hijra, holy Zainab was born in the 6th year of Hijra, holy Umme Kulthoom was born in the 7th year of Hijra.
It was in the same house where this blessed family fasted for three days continuously without eating any food giving away their Iftari  to a beggar, an orphan and a prisoner who arrived at their door and asked for food. The Verse in Surah Dahr revealed in praise of their extremely charitable act in the way of Allah.
It was in the same house where every morning the Holy Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) stood outside and said loudly “Assalamo Alaikum Ya Ahlebaitin Nubuwwah” (hello to prophets family, Peace and blessings on the people of the Household of the prophet).
There was so much respect in the heart of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) for Fatima (sa) that whenever Fatima (sa) arrived in the mosque of theProphet Muhammad(p.b.u.h), the Holy Prophet stood up to respect her. This gesture was also to show the companions respect for women generally which was lacking in the Arabian society of the day.
These acts of the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) were to show the companions that this house and its occupants have a special place in the way of Allah and that this status should be maintained after the martyrdom of the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h). Unfortunately this was not done as the Holy Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) intended his companions to do. History tells us some very sad moments connected with this house.
MARTYRDOM OF LADY FATIMA (SA)
Lady Fatima al-Zahra’ (sa) became martyr only three months after her father, the Messenger of Allah – Muhammad (p.b.u.h), spending all this time in grief and agony. She was never seen smiling even once after the martyrdom of her father prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h).  Her suffering increased day by day as a result of the injuries she sustained when one of the companions slammed the door on her two days after her father’s death, causing her to miscarry her son Mohsen. She was also denied her inheritance from the Holy Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) – mainly, a land outside Madinah called Fadak – on the grounds that prophets do not leave inheritance. Imam Bukhari narrates that when Lady Fatima (sa) asked for her share of the Holy Prophet’s inheritance, she received the response that the Holy Prophet had said: “We, the group of prophets, do not leave inheritance. What we leave is charity.” She was then refused anything from her father’s inheritance despite the fact that the Holy Qur’an gives examples of prophets inheriting from other prophets, such as: “And Solomon inherited from David.” When she became martyr, her husband Imam ‘Ali (as) buried her secretly and quickly in the night; he performed the prayers over her himself. These incidents happened even though the Messenger of Allah, prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) had said: “Lady Fatima is a part of me. Whoever angers her, angers me.”  Ibn Qutaybah records that Lady Fatima al-Zahra’ (sa) said to some of the companions: “I take Allah as a witness, and His angels, that you have angered me and did not please me, and if I meet with the Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h), I will raise my grievances about you to him.”
*. (sa) means peace-health be up on her
 Bethat: the day that prophet Muhammad(pbuh) became prophet.
 Iftar : is the evening meal when Muslims end their daily fast. Muslims fast begin from morning until sunset pray. They can eat after sunset.
 al-Tabaqat al-Kubra, ibn Sa’ad, 2:85
 Qur’an 27:16
 Sahih Bukhari, 5:177
 Sahih Bukhari, 5:35
 Al-Imamah wal-Siyasah, ibn Qutaybah, 1:14